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  1. Harry Truman’s Early Years
  2. Harry S Truman and the Influences of His Service in World War I
  3. The Harry S. Truman Research Institute

During World War II he headed the Senate war investigating committee, checking into waste and corruption and saving perhaps as much as 15 billion dollars.

Harry Truman’s Early Years

As President, Truman made some of the most crucial decisions in history. Soon after V-E Day, the war against Japan had reached its final stage. An urgent plea to Japan to surrender was rejected. Truman, after consultations with his advisers, ordered atomic bombs dropped on cities devoted to war work. Two were Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japanese surrender quickly followed.

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In June Truman witnessed the signing of the charter of the United Nations, hopefully established to preserve peace. He presented to Congress a point program, proposing the expansion of Social Security, a full-employment program, a permanent Fair Employment Practices Act, and public housing and slum clearance. Dangers and crises marked the foreign scene as Truman campaigned successfully in In foreign affairs he was already providing his most effective leadership.

In as the Soviet Union pressured Turkey and, through guerrillas, threatened to take over Greece, he asked Congress to aid the two countries, enunciating the program that bears his name—the Truman Doctrine.

Harry S Truman and the Influences of His Service in World War I

The Marshall Plan, named for his Secretary of State, stimulated spectacular economic recovery in war-torn western Europe. When the Russians blockaded the western sectors of Berlin in , Truman created a massive airlift to supply Berliners until the Russians backed down. Meanwhile, he was negotiating a military alliance to protect Western nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, established in There was no suggestion from anyone that either the United Nations or the United States could back away from it.

Despite early attempts by some of the men to intimidate him, Truman made the noncommissioned officers accountable for discipline and promised to back them up. Battery D soon realized that Truman knew what he was doing and followed him loyally for the rest of the war. Early in September , the th Field Artillery undertook one of the longest and most brutal road marches of the war, from the Vosges mountains to the Argonne forest. The men guided their horses and equipment over one hundred miles of crowded, muddy back roads to the new American sector.

Truman's Speech "A Fateful Hour" (1947)

This march and the five days of intense combat that followed were the ultimate test for Battery D. In the closing weeks of the war, the th Field Artillery moved into action for the final time on the old battlefields of Verdun.

The Harry S. Truman Research Institute

They fired their last shots fifteen minutes before the Armistice took effect. Battery D had fired more than 10, shells during the war. Under Truman's command in France, his battery did not lose a single man in combat. His men often attributed their luck to the leadership of "Captain Harry. Through service in the reserves, correspondence and reunions, the men stayed in touch with each other.

During his time in Europe, Harry continued to write to Bess Wallace. Engaged to be married, the two exchanged countless letters.

Many of these letters are preserved today giving insight to life on the homefront and on the front lines. The two would finally be married in June The war was a transformative experience that brought out Truman's leadership qualities.